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Regulatory Crackdowns and Ethereum’s Most Anticipated Application

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Regulatory Crackdowns Fire Up in April Macro Uncertainty, Geopolitical Headwinds, and Bitcoin’s Fourth Halving Ethereum’s Most Anticipated Application

• Regulatory Crackdowns Fire Up in April

• Macro Uncertainty, Geopolitical Headwinds, and Bitcoin’s Fourth Halving

• The Arrival of Ethereum’s Most Anticipated Application

Macro Uncertainty, Geopolitical Headwinds, and Bitcoin’s Fourth Halving

April brought a challenging landscape for Bitcoin. Geopolitical tensions flared in the Middle East when Israel targeted the Iranian Consulate in Syria on the 1st of April. In an unprecedented response, Iran retaliated directly with a drone strike against Israel, intensifying hostilities. The event contributed to a decline in the stock market and a temporary pullback in Bitcoin’s price. As mentioned two weeks ago, although Bitcoin historically served as a safe haven during crises like the Russian Invasion of Ukraine, its response to Iran-Israeli escalation may have been adverse.

However, a closer look at the market reveals a more nuanced picture. The impact on Bitcoin was primarily felt in the futures market, where open interest peaked at $35 billion on the day of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) print, leading to significant liquidations when inflation came in hotter than expected for the fourth month running. Resilience in the labor market, coupled with strong domestic demand, is evidence that despite Fed efforts, the US is not yet in a position for rate cuts, which may pose further turbulence for risk-on assets. Encouragingly, long-term holders demonstrated resilience amidst escalating tensions. Unlike short-term fears reflected in futures markets, long-term holders increased their supply by 0.1% over the past week, for the first time since January, as the Israeli response seemingly coincided with a local bottom for long-term holder supply. This is a bullish signal, showcasing belief in the asset, irrespective of recent market activity. Nevertheless, we can see that BTC will continue to be stuck in the $60K – $70K range until we get more clarity on the macroeconomic and geopolitical front.

Figure 1: Bitcoin Short-Term Holder Supply vs. Long-Term Holder Supply

Source: Glassnode

Despite the macroeconomic headwinds, significant progress was made in the institutional adoption of Bitcoin. Despite a break in Blackrock’s Bitcoin ETF 71-day net inflow streak, the conclusion of the 90-day due diligence period for fund managers considering the spot ETFs revealed that over 100 institutions, such as BNY Mellon and Banco do Brazil, are exposed to Bitcoin. Morgan Stanley is also actively exploring allowing 15,000 brokers to provide this exposure to their clients. They also filed to broaden access to BTC ETFs by expanding it to 12 more funds, signifying the growing acceptance of Bitcoin by TradFi institutions. Finally, the launch of Bitcoin ETFs in Hong Kong marked a significant step towards adoption in Asia, potentially influencing other jurisdictions like South Korea, Japan, and Singapore to follow suit while expanding Bitcoin’s access to Hong Kong’s $1.15 trillion wealth management sector.

Beyond the market’s activity, April also marked a historic event for Bitcoin: the fourth halving, reducing Bitcoin’s annual inflation rate to below 1%, making it even scarcer than Gold. Historically, Bitcoin trades 50% down from its peak leading up to the halving. This year, Bitcoin defied historical trends, reaching a new all-time high prior to the halving, attributed to the surge in demand from the aforementioned US Bitcoin ETFs, coupled with ongoing technical advancements within the Bitcoin ecosystem, such as Ordinals, BRC-20s, and Runes, as touched upon in the last newsletter.

These advancements are transforming Bitcoin beyond its original vision as a purely decentralized payment network. The emergence of Ordinals and Runes has amplified on-chain activity, reflected in surging transaction fees. This is particularly beneficial for Bitcoin miners, who saw their block reward cut in half due to the halving. Higher transaction fees help compensate for this lost revenue, ensuring the continued security of the Bitcoin network. Notably, as shown in Figure 2, Bitcoin transaction fees made up 75% of Bitcoin miner revenue, soaring to $128 on the day of the halving. While the surge might have been driven by the desire to have a historical inscription, it does underscore the potential impact on miners’ revenue as Bitcoin’s on-chain ecosystem matures.

Figure 2: Bitcoin Miners Revenue

Source: 21.co on Dune

Launched in April, Runes Protocol offers a novel approach to creating fungible tokens on the Bitcoin network. It addresses inefficiencies associated with the BRC-20 standard, which have burdened the Bitcoin blockchain due to its inefficient data handling. Ultimately, Runes presents a key innovation that bolsters Bitcoin’s security budget by offering miners an alternative source of revenue, while reducing their dependence on block rewards. Runes has already rewarded miners with almost $150 million, impressively making up 80% of fees generated on the Bitcoin network on April 23, as shown below.

Figure 3: Share of Bitcoin Transaction Fees

Source: CryptoKoryo on Dune

While Bitcoin’s daily transaction volume surpassed 1 million, rivaling Ethereum’s activity, the initial excitement surrounding Runes might recede before a more long-term, sustainable surge in the network’s DeFi activity. The initial phase often focuses on meme-like tokens attracting rapid but fleeting interest. However, the development of sophisticated DeFi protocols like exchanges and Automated Market Makers (AMMs) will enhance Bitcoin’s application layer, streamlining token trading similar to what ERC-20/ERC-721 standards did for Ethereum. This paves the way for a more robust and mature DeFi ecosystem on Bitcoin, which we will closely monitor in the months to come.

Regulatory Crackdowns Fire Up in April

April saw the continued regulation-by-enforcement trend, cracking down on non-custodial infrastructure and the Ethereum ecosystem. On April 10, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) sent Wells Notices to Uniswap and Consensys for alleged violation of federal securities law. Uniswap announced its intention to resolve this through court. The details of the SEC’s Wells Notice remain unclear. However, it could have been triggered by Uniswap’s pending revenue-sharing initiative, which has had a domino effect on the ecosystem. In the short term, the crackdown could dissuade protocols from following suit, which would have incentivized their users to stake and delegate their tokens for a share of the revenue.

On April 25, Consensys filed a lawsuit against the SEC for “unlawful seizure of authority,” arguing that Ethereum is not a security nor that MetaMask is a securities broker. The recent crackdown could put a strain on the crypto infrastructure industry in the short term, as it could severely disrupt the ecosystem while encouraging companies to explore alternative jurisdictions aside from the U.S. market.

Earlier in February, the SEC adopted rules that widened its interpretation of a dealer to include “as part of a regular business” in addition to the initial definition, “any person engaged in the business of buying and selling securities . . . for such person’s own account through a broker or otherwise.” The newly adopted rules have now triggered an outcry in the crypto community, deeming the legislation too broad, as it includes average market participants in cryptoasset liquidity pools (liquidity providers), who essentially have a very different role than a broker.

For example, liquidity providers on Uniswap can be anyone, given they have the capital to deposit and earn yield, unlike professional market makers in traditional finance whose responsibilities extend beyond that. Providing liquidity on Uniswap is open to anyone to enable permissionless markets, which makes this an important characterization due to the impact it could have on how DeFi functions in the US. While the ongoing crackdown could cause uncertainty in the short term within the Ethereum ecosystem, regulatory clarity will ultimately be reached in the long run, as we’ve seen on several counts of hurdles over the past few years.

Ethereum’s Most Anticipated Application of the Year is Live

EigenLayer is finally live on Ethereum’s mainnet. It’s a new primitive that allows ETH users to “re-stake” their existing staked ETH to validate the security of external networks. EigenLayer has been eagerly anticipated as it optimizes capital efficiency by allowing users to earn additional yield on top of their native staking rewards. Further, it allows younger protocols to borrow the security assurances of Ethereum, circumventing the need to bootstrap their own security from scratch. This translates to a more cost-efficient approach while simultaneously bolstering their decentralization. Nevertheless, the protocol comes with inherent risks.

By opting to earn additional yield, users, and validators subject themselves to heightened smart contract risks as they become exposed to the vulnerabilities of both Ethereum and the additional protocols relying on its security. Moreover, a large portion of ETH could end up being “re-staked” in EigenLayer instead of just validating the security of Ethereum, creating a problem of misalignment. Simply, some validators might opt to maximize their profits by pursuing strategies that prioritize short-term gains over the long-term security of the network. Additionally, the growing enthusiasm for the protocol suggests that a significant portion of the crypto economy might rely on Ethereum’s security. Currently, 15% of all staked ETH is allocated towards Eigen’s re-staking strategy. The continuation of this trend could lead to centralization, posing a risk as Ethereum might inadvertently become a single point of failure over a longer time horizon.

Wide-spread slashing is another concern. In essence, if a substantial amount of ETH is re-staked in a singular protocol, then a slashing event due to unintended or malicious behavior could significantly impact honest ETH stakers. Thus, Eigen proposed a slashing committee comprising esteemed ETH developers and trusted community members, empowered to veto such occurrences and safeguard Ethereum’s integrity.

The final risk concerns a new breed of tokens known as Liquid re-staking Tokens (LRTs), which operate atop EigenLayer. LRTs, akin to Liquid Staking Tokens (LSTs) issued by the established Lido Protocol in 2021, aim to unlock similar capital efficiency by allowing users to use their re-staked ETH as collateral for lending and borrowing. Given that re-staked ETH in Eigen can’t be used across DeFi platforms, users have turned to LRT protocols like Ether.fi and Renzo to seek higher levels of capital flexibility, with their re-staked assets. For context, LRTs grew exponentially by a factor of 28 throughout Q1, increasing from nearly 100K units to the current figure of 2.8M, as shown in Figure 4, illustrating its soaring demand.

Figure 4: Growth of Liquid re-staking Tokens (LRTs) on EigenLayer

Source: @hahahash on Dune

While LRTs can offer amplified gains through leveraged lending, they can also exacerbate losses, increasing systemic risk in market downturns. Since some LRT protocols can’t offer withdrawals yet, users may be forced to swap their LRT tokens on thinly traded secondary markets, intensifying their decline. Last week, we saw an instance of this risk manifest when Renzo’s ezETH lost its peg. This happened as the ETH derivative experienced heavy selling on various exchanges, causing it to trade at over a 75% discount compared to ETH. This coincided with the company facing scrutiny over its controversial token distribution plan, which is scheduled to launch on April 30.

All in all, the impact of EigenLayer is not to be understated, as the excitement surrounding the new primitive has propelled it to become the second-largest protocol on Ethereum by Total Value Locked (TVL), boasting an impressive $15.6B. This already eclipses the TVL of established players like Solana by fourfold, highlighting the immense adoption that EigenLayer is witnessing despite its brief existence. Further, the excitement building up to its launch since it unveiled its roadmap in March has propelled the Ethereum validator entry queue to its highest level since October. The queue now necessitates a minimum waiting period of 8 days before new validators can join the network, as seen below in Figure 5. Nevertheless, stay tuned as we prepare to release a more in-depth exploration of EigenLayer risks over the coming weeks.

Figure 5: Ethereum Validator Entry Queue in Days

Source: ValidatorQueue

Next Month’s Calendar

Source: Forex Factory, 21Shares

Research Newsletter

Each week the 21Shares Research team will publish our data-driven insights into the crypto asset world through this newsletter. Please direct any comments, questions, and words of feedback to research@21shares.com

Disclaimer

The information provided does not constitute a prospectus or other offering material and does not contain or constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy securities in any jurisdiction. Some of the information published herein may contain forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties and that actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. The information contained herein may not be considered as economic, legal, tax or other advice and users are cautioned to base investment decisions or other decisions solely on the content hereof.

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Rate Cuts and Bitcoin’s Scaling Potential: What Happened in Crypto This Week?

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Exciting Future for Bitcoin’s Scaling Potential BTC’s Rising Accumulation Meets a Growing Delta-Neutral Trading Strategy Rooting for Rate Cuts, Banking Crisis Looms in the U.S.

• Exciting Future for Bitcoin’s Scaling Potential

• BTC’s Rising Accumulation Meets a Growing Delta-Neutral Trading Strategy

• Rooting for Rate Cuts, Banking Crisis Looms in the U.S.

Rooting for Rate Cuts, Banking Crisis Looms in the U.S.

Benchmarks of monetary policy success are shifting around the world. The 2% inflation rate target is no longer within reach in the immediate term, while high interest rates seem to be doing more harm than good. On June 5, Canada was the first G7 country to lower its interest rate to 4.75% from the 5% it stuck to since July 2023. Despite its two-year high unemployment rate of 6.1% and an inflation rate of 2.7% in April, Canada’s move might have started the rate cut season.

Now, while Europe’s inflation has improved over the past six months, inching towards the 2% medium-term target, the European Central Bank (ECB) might have followed suit. For the first time since 2019, the ECB lowered interest rates to 25 basis points. Starting June 12, the EU’s key interest rate will be reduced to 3.75% from 4%, where it has been since September 2023. Realizing the 2% target is far from reach, European monetary policy seems to factor in a more realistic dimension. The ECB staff added 20 basis points to their annual inflation forecasts to be 2.5% in 2024 and 2.2% in 2025.

At the same time that 20 European countries will be celebrating the long-awaited rate cut, the U.S. will be rooting for a cool Consumer Price Index (CPI) print that would boost the Federal Reserve’s confidence that inflation is heading in the right direction. However, the labor market is showing mixed signs of recovery in May, with the unemployment rate increasing slightly above expectations at 4%. In contrast, nonfarm payroll employment increased to 272K, 50K higher than the monthly average. Average monthly earnings have also inched up from April’s reading, increasing by 0.4%. As seen, the delicate balance between inflation control and economic growth remains uncertain, which would definitely be reflected in the Federal Reserve policy decisions. Thus, crypto will remain sensitive to the different interpretations of macro data.

Specifically, volatility will be expected this week in anticipation of the Federal Open Market Committee statement scheduled to shed some light on the U.S. monetary policy on June 12. However, more macro data is coming out later in the week. As shown in the calendar at the end of this newsletter, we’ll know more about changes in wholesale prices on Thursday and conclude the week with the University of Michigan survey results around consumer sentiment, which should give a more complete picture of where the economy stands.

Moreover, the higher-for-longer approach is straining the banking sector in the U.S., with 63 banks declared to be sitting on $517B in unrealized losses, increasing by $39B in the first quarter. Higher unrealized losses on residential mortgage-backed securities, resulting from higher mortgage rates in the first quarter, drove the overall increase. This is the ninth straight quarter of unusually high unrealized losses since 2022, when the Federal Reserve began raising interest rates.

How will this developing crisis affect BTC? Bitcoin usually stood strong amid banking crises, acting as a hedge against counterparty failure over the past few years. That was evident in March 2023, when Bitcoin jumped by 30% after the world experienced the most significant banking stress since 2008. Lack of transparency, mismanagement, and vulnerability towards a single point of failure led to the collapse of hundreds of banks between 2007 and 2012. These factors led to what is now known as the Great Recession, inspiring the creation of Bitcoin in the process. The network’s disciplined monetary policy, combined with its immutable nature and decentralization, became the antithesis of the failures of traditional finance.

On another but rather relevant note, global liquidity has experienced an uptick in the past month, reaching an all-time high of $94T, as shown in Figure 1. As we trace the two lines, we can deduce that Bitcoin is a big profiteer of the expanding global liquidity. Almost $3T has been added since Bitcoin’s all-time high of $69K in 2021. If the banking crisis persists in the U.S. and spreads worldwide, like last year, central banks will have to step in to make their banks whole, which will translate into the growth of their balance sheets even more. Higher liquidity reduces perceived uncertainty, encouraging investors to increase their risk-taking in assets like equities and crypto.

Figure 1 – Bitcoin’s Performance Against Global Liquidity

Source: IntoTheBlock

BTC’s Rising Accumulation Meets a Growing Delta-Neutral Trading Strategy

Last week, the Bitcoin ETF market sustained its recent momentum, mostly driven by the shifting sentiment around the global economy’s battle against inflation, as discussed in the previous section. This was symbolized by the ECB and Bank of Canada’s move to cut rates, which led Bitcoin to hit $72K while its open interest reached an all-time high of $32.02B. However, this was shortly met with a cascade of liquidations (~$400M) as the excitement was countered by the jobs report, which gave a troubling signal of the FED’s progress on taming inflation, leading the entire crypto market to drop by 4%.

That said, U.S. spot ETFs accumulated nearly 25,729 BTC over the last week, equivalent to eight weeks’ worth of new BTC supply entering the market from block rewards. Notably, the impressive recent inflows led to recording the second strongest day of inflows since late March, with more than 12K BTC absorbed via ETFs on June 4. Overall, ETFs now hold close to 5% of Bitcoin’s total supply while making up roughly 60% of Gold ETFs assets under management in the U.S. As we’ve emphasized over the past months, the impact of ETFs on the supply and demand dynamics of the BTC market shouldn’t be ignored. They continue to lay the groundwork for a supply shock that could occur in the medium to long term, especially as BTC on exchanges continues to reach the lowest point in over six years. Similarly, Bitcoin’s accumulation addresses (wallets that have received more than two transactions and have never spent their funds) saw an uptick in the last few weeks, as shown in Figure 2. This echoes our belief that long-term believers are unfazed by their short-term volatility and believe that Bitcoin still has more room to grow.

Figure 2: Total Number of Bitcoin Accumulation Addresses

Source: Glassnode

However, one notable trend to monitor though is the emergence of a cash-and-carry trade, as depicted in Figure 3. This strategy involves investors purchasing Bitcoin on the spot market through ETFs, while simultaneously shorting it on the CME Group exchange to capitalize on the arbitrage opportunity. This phenomenon helps rationalize why the buying pressure from ETFs was being offset by the shorting activity on the futures market. In that sense, it provides a more comprehensive understanding of the surge in Bitcoin’s open interest while potentially explaining why BTC wasn’t able to break through its major resistance at $72K.

Figure 3: The Net Positions of Different Investors on CME Exchange

Source: TheBlock

Exciting Future for Bitcoin’s Scaling Potential

Moving on, Bitcoin’s fundamentals received a significant boost last week. Starknet, the developer of one of Ethereum’s leading scaling solutions, announced its plans to expand to Bitcoin. The company aims to integrate its Zero-Knowledge technology, which powers its Layer 2 platform, to scale Bitcoin without requiring any hard forks. According to Starknet’s founder, the solution will be designed to allow applications to settle transactions on both Bitcoin and Ethereum simultaneously, enhancing Bitcoin’s competitiveness as a settlement platform for a broader landscape of transactions. That said, the key to making this integration a reality lies in the potential soft fork upgrade known as OP_CAT, which could unlock new possibilities for Bitcoin’s scripting language.

For context, OP_CAT is a decade-old script from the Satoshi era that enabled a more feature-rich programming language that paves the path for smart contracts on top of Bitcoin. However, Satoshi removed it as it was feared that it could introduce more security risks into the network, which we’ll break down later. Nevertheless, the function is now making a resurgence as certain segments of the Bitcoin community are looking for different ways to scale the network. This is inspired by the innovation spurred by Ordinals last year, which was enabled on the back of the 2021 soft fork upgrade called the Taproot upgrade.

In line with this, reintroducing OP_CAT could significantly benefit Bitcoin. It can simplify the creation and management of assets’ metadata, thereby laying the groundwork for asset tokenization. It can also enable secure vaults to safeguard against unauthorized access to users’ wallets through advanced multi-signature setups. Additionally, OP_CAT can support escrow wallets, which is crucial for financial use cases that involve locking BTC in a smart contract for yield-generation purposes or using it as collateral for money markets. Lastly, OP_CAT will play a pivotal role in enabling expressive smart contracts, such as trustless bridges, essential for the emergence of Layer 2 solutions, which Starknet aims to capitalize on replicating Ethereum’s scaling success on Bitcoin.

On the other hand, the concerns that led Satoshi to avoid OP_CAT remain pertinent today. The reintroduction of this function could create large scripts that consume significant resources, potentially leading to vulnerabilities such as Denial of Service (DOS) attacks that could cripple Bitcoin’s usage. DOS involves flooding and overwhelming a system with a massive number of requests and messages to bring it down to a halt and make it impossible to process transactions. The function could also introduce unforeseen security threats that weren’t relevant a decade ago, while it could result in a hard fork if certain node operators don’t support the upgrade.

Thus, given the network’s value proposition as the oldest and most secure blockchain, the trade-off between modifying the network’s codebase to add more features, which increases its complexity, versus leveraging external solutions that transform the network’s utilization is contentious. This explains why the functionality has been hotly debated for years but has never been implemented. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that OP_CAT was formally designated as BIP420 in April, leaving the decision to implement the upgrade to the community for consideration and debate.

In conclusion, the emergence of various scaling solutions for Bitcoin is a significant development. This includes Stacks’ approach utilizing sidechain technology, BitVM enabling rollups similar to Ethereum’s Arbitrum and Optimism, Ordinals and Runes creating unique digital assets, and now the potential of OP_CAT. The diversity of these scaling methods is essential for fostering a robust and resilient ecosystem, as it ensures that Bitcoin is not limited to a single approach and can continue innovating if one solution becomes obsolete.

This is crucial because miners need a supplementary source of income to mitigate the decline in revenue resulting from block issuance and ensure the long-term sustainability of the network as the newly mined BTC supply continues to decrease. Similarly, the economic impact of Ordinals, BRC20, and Runes can’t be understated, as they play a sizable role in Bitcoin’s on-chain activity. For context, miners were able to generate close to 11K BTC, equating to $750M, in fees from processing transactions related to all three aforementioned primitives over the last year, as seen below in Figure 4. This underscores the necessity for scaling solutions to offset the diminishing revenue from Bitcoin’s decreasing block issuance by allowing an on-chain economy to emerge on the largest crypto network by market capitalization.

Figure 4: Revenue Generated from Bitcoin’s Ordinals, BRC20, Runes

Source: CryptoKoryo on Dune Analytics

Ethereum: The Future of Finance and the Internet Itself

The 12th issue of our State of Crypto is out! What’s Inside?
• An introduction to the Ethereum economy: ETH supply, smart contracts, and gas fees.

• A map of the Ethereum ecosystem of scalability solutions and decentralized applications.

• An explainer of Ethereum’s Staking and Re-Staking primitives and their associated risks.

• Our signature Ethereum valuation methodologies

You can download the report here.

This Week’s Calendar

Source: Forex Factory, 21Shares

Research Newsletter

Each week the 21Shares Research team will publish our data-driven insights into the crypto asset world through this newsletter. Please direct any comments, questions, and words of feedback to research@21shares.com

Disclaimer

The information provided does not constitute a prospectus or other offering material and does not contain or constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy securities in any jurisdiction. Some of the information published herein may contain forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties and that actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. The information contained herein may not be considered as economic, legal, tax or other advice and users are cautioned to base investment decisions or other decisions solely on the content hereof.

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WMGT ETF för den som vill vara med på de senaste megatrenderna

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WisdomTree Megatrends UCITS ETF USD (WMGT ETF) med ISIN IE0000902GT6 försöker spåra WisdomTree Global Megatrends Equity-index. WisdomTree Global Megatrends Equity-index spårar företag över hela världen som är involverade i globala megatrender (sociala, demografiska, tekniska, ekologiska eller geologiska förändringar). Aktierna som ingår filtreras enligt ESG-kriterier (miljö, social och bolagsstyrning).

WisdomTree Megatrends UCITS ETF USD (WMGT ETF) med ISIN IE0000902GT6 försöker spåra WisdomTree Global Megatrends Equity-index. WisdomTree Global Megatrends Equity-index spårar företag över hela världen som är involverade i globala megatrender (sociala, demografiska, tekniska, ekologiska eller geologiska förändringar). Aktierna som ingår filtreras enligt ESG-kriterier (miljö, social och bolagsstyrning).

Den börshandlade fondens TER (total cost ratio) uppgår till 0,50 % p.a. WisdomTree Megatrends UCITS ETF USD är den enda ETF som följer WisdomTree Global Megatrends Equity-index. ETFen replikerar det underliggande indexets prestanda genom full replikering (köper alla indexbeståndsdelar). Utdelningarna i ETFen ackumuleras och återinvesteras.

Denna ETF lanserades den 5 december 2023 och har sin hemvist i Irland.

Varför investera?

Strategin utnyttjar den långsiktiga tillväxtpotentialen hos megatrender och tillhörande teman från sociala, demografiska, tekniska, miljömässiga eller geopolitiska förändringar.

Strategisk och taktisk allokering mellan teman för att anpassa sig till nuvarande marknadsmiljöer med hög diversifieringspotential och dra nytta av strukturell medvind.

Fokuserad exponering mot globala företag med en utvald korg av investeringsteman, som uppfyller WisdomTrees ESG-kriterier (miljö, social och styrning).

Undersökningen för urvalet av företag i indexet och, därefter, fonden, utförs av experter inom det relevanta tematiska området, vilket säkerställer att portföljen förblir fokuserad och relevant för den designade tematiska exponeringen.

ETFeen är fysiskt uppbackad och UCITS-kompatibel.

Potentiella risker

Även om indexet skapades för att välja företag med en relativt högre exponering för de relevanta teman, finns det ingen garanti för att detta mål kommer att uppnås.

En investering i aktier kan uppleva hög volatilitet och bör betraktas som en långsiktig investering.

Högre tillväxtföretag som de som spelar en roll i megatrender tenderar att handla till högre värderingar. Investeraren bör överväga risken som följer med högre värderingar som en del av alla investeringsbeslut.

Investeringsrisken kan vara koncentrerad till specifika sektorer, länder, företag eller valutor.

Denna lista täcker inte alla risker; ytterligare risker beskrivs i KIID och prospekt.

Handla WMGT ETF

WisdomTree Megatrends UCITS ETF USD (WMGT ETF) är en europeisk börshandlad fond. Denna fond handlas på flera olika börser, till exempel Deutsche Boerse Xetra och London Stock Exchange.

Det betyder att det går att handla andelar i denna ETF genom de flesta svenska banker och Internetmäklare, till exempel DEGIRONordnet, Aktieinvest och Avanza.

Börsnoteringar

BörsValutaKortnamn
London Stock ExchangeGBXWMGG
London Stock ExchangeUSDWMGT
XETRAEURWMGT

Största innehav

NamnKortnamnLandVikt %
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd2330 TTTW2.46%
Cleanspark IncCLSK USUS2.43%
Nvidia CorpNVDA UQUS2.34%
Broadcom IncAVGO USUS2.11%
Coinbase Global Inc -Class ACOIN USUS1.98%
Riot Blockchain IncRIOT USUS1.60%
Bitfarms Ltd/CanadaBITF USCA1.54%
Advanced Micro DevicesAMD USUS1.50%
ASML Holding NVASML NANL1.48%
Elastic NvESTC USUS1.43%

Innehav kan komma att förändras

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0GZB ETC spårar kopparpriset och hedgas i euro

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BNPP RICI Enhanced Kupfer (ER) EUR Hedge ETC (0GZB ETC) med ISIN DE000PZ9REC4, försöker följa RICI Enhanced Copper (EUR Hedged) index. RICI Enhanced Copper (EUR Hedged)-index spårar priset på terminskontrakt på koppar. Valutasäkrad till euro (EUR).

BNPP RICI Enhanced Kupfer (ER) EUR Hedge ETC (0GZB ETC) med ISIN DE000PZ9REC4, försöker följa RICI Enhanced Copper (EUR Hedged) index. RICI Enhanced Copper (EUR Hedged)-index spårar priset på terminskontraktkoppar. Valutasäkrad till euro (EUR).

Denna ETCs TER (total cost ratio) uppgår till 1,20 % p.a. BNPP RICI Enhanced Kupfer (ER) EUR Hedge ETC är den enda ETC som följer RICI Enhanced Copper (EUR Hedged)-index. Denna ETC replikerar det underliggande indexets prestanda syntetiskt med en swap.

BNPP RICI Enhanced Kupfer (ER) EUR Hedge ETC är en mycket liten ETC med 1 miljon euro tillgångar under förvaltning. Denna ETC lanserades den 7 augusti 2019 och har sin hemvist i Nederländerna.

Information

ISINDE000PZ9REC4
Securities identification number (German WKN)PZ9REC
Bloomberg0GZB GY
Reuters0GZB.DE
TypeETC
CurrencyEUR
Currency hedgedYes, EUR Hedge
Roll optimizedYes
LeveragedNo
Physical deliveryNo
Total Return Yes
ExchangeFrankfurt Stock Exchange (Regulated Market – Xetra®), Stuttgart Stock Exchange
Trading periods08:15 am – 20:00 pm
Maturityopen end

Handla 0GZB ETC

BNPP RICI Enhanced Kupfer (ER) EUR Hedge ETC (0GZB ETC) är en europeisk börshandlad produkt. Denna ETC handlas på flera olika börser, till exempel Deutsche Boerse Xetra

Det betyder att det går att handla andelar i denna ETC genom de flesta svenska banker och Internetmäklare, till exempel DEGIRONordnet, Aktieinvest och Avanza.

Börsnoteringar

BörsValutaKortnamn
XETRAEUR0GZB

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