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Treasury Yields, Transaction Volumes, Flows at Year-Highs: What happened in crypto this week?

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In this report, we walk you through the U.S. inflation data that came out last week and what they mean for crypto. We also explain the positive sentiments around Cardano and Polygon, who both have radical upgrades lined up.

In this report, we walk you through the U.S. inflation data that came out last week and what they mean for crypto. We also explain the positive sentiments around Cardano and Polygon, who both have radical upgrades lined up.

Inflation Comes in Hot; Bitcoin Holds Steady at $52K

Consumer prices came in higher than expected and rose by 3.1% in the year through January. Stock prices plunged following the release. Over the past week, the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite declined by 0.42% and 1.28%, respectively. Often used to gauge future consumer prices, industrial indicators have also disappointed expectations. The Empire State Manufacturing Survey, conducted monthly by the Federal Reserve to give an outlook on general business conditions within the state, found that manufacturing activity in the state of New York shrank further to -2.4%; although shooting up by 41 points, the figure still indicates worsening conditions for manufacturers which often gets passed on to consumers. Measuring demand for goods and cost of services, the Producer Prices Index rose to 0.9% year-over-year, further dimming hopes for a rate cut in March.

In turn, the yields for two- and five-year treasury bills rose to year-to-date highs, indicating falling demand due to investors hedging their positions ahead of the upcoming FOMC meeting, whose minutes come out on Wednesday. Treasury yields are often used as a proxy for sentiment around alternative, risk-on investments, like crypto, which has been enjoying institutional flows thanks to the one-month-old spot Bitcoin ETFs trading in the U.S. Bitcoin moved tightly around the $52K over the weekend, while peaking in inflows to almost 18K BTC on February 14, as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: US Spot Bitcoin ETF Flows

Source: Glassnode

Cardano Aims at Further Decentralization and Higher Smart-Contract Functionality

After working on decentralization, smart contracts, and scaling, Cardano is finally preparing for its “Voltaire Era,” which focuses on governance. Landmarked by its Chang hard fork, Cardano’s Voltaire Era aims to fuel its further decentralization with new governance and treasury systems. Scheduled between Q1 and Q2 of 2024, the Chang hard fork will introduce the concept of minimum-viable community-run governance to the Cardano blockchain by instituting the capabilities for on-chain community consensus, governed by a constitution that is yet to be written and voted on by the end of this year.

In its current form, Cardano has a standard governance system where token holders simply have the right to vote on improvement proposals presented by the network’s management. However, with the Chang hard fork applied, token holders (now network participants) will also have the right to present improvement proposals – that’s the first feature. The second feature is full decentralization: the network participants will replace the management of Input Output HK (IOHK, the engineering company behind Cardano). To fund this evolution, a treasury system will extract a fraction of all transaction fees to provide funds for development activities undertaken following the voting process.

On the tech side, Cardano is currently trialing a third version of its programming language, Plutus, which is expected to boost smart contract functionality to facilitate governance controls, privacy-focused applications, and scaling solutions built on Cardano. That said, Plutus V3 is designed to make Cardano seamlessly interact with Ethereum and other blockchains as well as absorb an increasing volume of transactions, making the Cardano blockchain an even more attractive platform for developers. Excitement took Cardano by storm; ADA, Cardano’s native currency, jumped by 12.67% week-over-week. Transaction volume on Cardano has also almost reached its highest level this year, as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Cardano’s Transaction Volume

Source: Messari, CoinMetrics

Polygon’s “AggLayer” Spurs Excitement, Rooting for Blockchain Interoperability

Similar to how the Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP, connects computer systems in a network, Polygon’s aggregation layer, or AggLayer, is an additional liquidity-focused layer that aims to unite a divided blockchain landscape of Zero-Knowledge-powered networks, providing a cohesive experience akin to a single chain, as illustrated in Figure 3. In theory, this move would ultimately improve interoperability between the chains connected to Polygon without taking a toll on each chain’s sovereignty.

Going live on mainnet on February 23, the AggLayer would set Polygon apart from other scaling solutions that have frameworks similar to Polygon’s Chain Development Kit (CDK), such as Optimism’s OP Stack and Arbitrum’s Orbit, which streamline building customizable networks connected to Ethereum. Chains plugged into Polygon’s AggLayer would be at an advantage due to the unified liquidity it brings, as opposed to the fragmented status quo. The AggLayer’s core objective is to combine the liquidity of various connected blockchains into an aggregated interface to improve capital efficiency and user experience with a more intuitive design, as well as boost network effects.

Figure 3: Diagram showing how the AggLayer unifies liquidity

Source: Polygon

The AggLayer’s interoperability mechanism can be broken down into two functions: aggregating Zero-Knowledge proofs of liquidity transfers from all connected chains while ensuring safety for near-instant, atomic cross-chain transactions. As shown in Figure 4, Polygon’s unique active addresses reached an all-time high on February 18 as its native currency, MATIC, surged by 12.88% week-over-week.

Although this new primitive has already generated excitement around Polygon before even launching, the technology’s success is yet to be battle-tested in the coming months.

Figure 4: Polygon’s Unique Active Addresses Reached an All-Time High

Source: Polygonscan

This Week’s Calendar

Source: Forex Factory

Research Newsletter

Each week the 21Shares Research team will publish our data-driven insights into the crypto asset world through this newsletter. Please direct any comments, questions, and words of feedback to research@21shares.com

Disclaimer

The information provided does not constitute a prospectus or other offering material and does not contain or constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of any offer to buy securities in any jurisdiction. Some of the information published herein may contain forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties and that actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. The information contained herein may not be considered as economic, legal, tax or other advice and users are cautioned to base investment decisions or other decisions solely on the content hereof.

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Håller ETF:er på att ta över?

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I EFN direkt den 3 april diskuterades trenden att handla med börsnoterade fonder, ETF:er. Tillsammans med oss i studion har vi Johanna Englundh, redaktör för Morningstar, för att prata om ämnet.

I EFN direkt den 3 april diskuterades trenden att handla med börsnoterade fonder, ETF:er. Tillsammans med oss i studion har vi Johanna Englundh, redaktör för Morningstar, för att prata om ämnet.

Den stora skillnaden på ETF:er (Exchange Traded Fund) och traditionella fonder är att ETF:er handlas på börsen som aktier eller andra värdepapper. Vilket innebär att man kan köpa och sälja dem i realtid, till den aktuella kursen.

Johanna Englundh berättar att ETF:er är en stark trend i USA som bland annat drivs av skattemässiga fördelar, vilket vi inte har i Sverige. Det incitamentet till att investera finns därför inte i Sverige vilket även speglas i tillgångarna.

Programledare: Anna Stjernquist

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HFEX ETF investerar i hela Asien men inte i Japan

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HSBC MSCI AC Far East ex Japan UCITS ETF USD (Dist) (HFEX ETF) med ISIN IE00022VXYM7, försöker följa MSCI AC Far East ex Japan-indexet. MSCI AC Far East ex Japan-indexet spårar aktiemarknaderna i tillväxt- och utvecklade länder i den östasiatiska regionen, exklusive Japan.

HSBC MSCI AC Far East ex Japan UCITS ETF USD (Dist) (HFEX ETF) med ISIN IE00022VXYM7, försöker följa MSCI AC Far East ex Japan-indexet. MSCI AC Far East ex Japan-indexet spårar aktiemarknaderna i tillväxt- och utvecklade länder i den östasiatiska regionen, exklusive Japan.

Den börshandlade fondens TER (total cost ratio) uppgår till 0,45 % per år. HSBC MSCI AC Far East ex Japan UCITS ETF USD (Dist) är den billigaste ETF som följer MSCI AC Far East ex Japan-indexet. Denna ETF replikerar det underliggande indexets prestanda genom samplingsteknik (köper ett urval av de mest relevanta indexbeståndsdelarna). Utdelningarna i ETFen delas ut till investerarna (kvartalsvis).

HSBC MSCI AC Far East ex Japan UCITS ETF USD (Dist) är en mycket liten ETF med tillgångar på 8 miljoner GBP under förvaltning. Denna ETF lanserades den 12 juli 2022 och har sin hemvist i Irland.

Investeringsmål

Fonden strävar efter att så nära som möjligt följa avkastningen för MSCI AC Far East ex Japan Index (”Indexet”). Fonden kommer att investera i eller få exponering mot aktier i företag som utgör indexet.

Investeringspolicy

Indexet består av stora och medelstora företag från både utvecklade och tillväxtmarknadsländer i Fjärran Östern (exklusive Japan), enligt definitionen av indexleverantören. Fonden kommer att förvaltas passivt och har som mål att investera i aktier i bolagen i i stort sett samma proportion som i Index. Det kan dock finnas omständigheter då det inte är möjligt eller praktiskt för fonden att investera i alla indexets beståndsdelar.

Om fonden inte kan investera direkt i de företag som utgör indexet kan den få exponering genom att använda andra investeringar såsom depåbevis, derivat eller fonder. Fonden kan investera i kinesiska A-aktier genom Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect och/ eller Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect och i CAAPs eller genom fonder. Fonden kan investera upp till 35 % i värdepapper från en enskild emittent under exceptionella marknadsförhållanden och upp till 10 % i andra fonder. Fonden kan investera upp till 10 % i totalavkastningsswappar och differenskontrakt.

Handla HFEX ETF

HSBC MSCI AC Far East ex Japan UCITS ETF USD (Dist) (HFEX ETF) är en börshandlad fond (ETF) som handlas på London Stock Exchange.

London Stock Exchange är en marknad som få svenska banker och nätmäklare erbjuder access till, men DEGIRO gör det.

Börsnoteringar

BörsValutaKortnamn
London Stock ExchangeGBPHFEJ
London Stock ExchangeUSDHFEX

Största innehav

ISINNamnLandValutaVikt %
TW0002330008Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co LtdTaiwanTWD12,49939
KR7005930003Samsung Electronics Co LtdSydkoreaKRW5,78774
KYG875721634Tencent Holdings LtdKinaHKD5,23752
KYG017191142Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary SharesKinaHKD2,98066
KR7000660001SK Hynix IncSydkoreaKRW1,51879
US7223041028PDD Holdings Inc ADRKinaUSD1,39721
HK0000069689AIA Group LtdHong KongHKD1,39709
KYG596691041Meituan Class BKinaHKD1,34979
CNE1000002H1China Construction Bank Corp Class HKinaHKD1,19864
TW0002317005Hon Hai Precision Industry Co LtdTaiwanTWD1,15303

Innehav kan komma att förändras

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Expertpanel: ETF:er eller fonder?

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Under livesändningen kommer vi att dyka in i hur marknaden för ETF:er eller fonder ser ut och hur du kan navigera olika placeringsstrategier. Vi kommer även att beröra hur du kan förhålla dig till risker, avgifter och konkreta diversifieringsmodeller.

Under livesändningen kommer vi att dyka in i hur marknaden för ETF:er eller fonder ser ut och hur du kan navigera olika placeringsstrategier. Vi kommer även att beröra hur du kan förhålla dig till risker, avgifter och konkreta diversifieringsmodeller.

Vi tar frågor mot slutet. Vi hoppas på att hinna med alla! Det går bra att ställa frågor i chatten eller i ett DM på Instagram

Expertpanelen består av:

Handelsbanken

Carl-Henrik Lindberg

Chef Passiva Fonder och ETF:er

Nordnet

Ara Mustafa, Investment coach

Nasdaq

Helena Wedin, Chef ETF:er och ETP:er Europa

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